A biosecurity risk might be a disease or pest that already exists within a restricted area, or a recent new incursion in Australia, NSW, a region or a vineyard.
If a pest or disease outbreak occurs, it takes time to conduct tracing investigations, to inform the response and minimise the potential short, medium and long-term impact caused due to economic losses.
There are numerous potential vectors of biosecurity risks in the viticulture industry that are currently not reliably or effectively traceable. Vectors can include machinery, vehicles, internal staff, contractors, consultants, researchers, site visitors and the general public.
The viticulture industry commonly uses contractors and equipment that move across regional and state borders. With increasing automation and the potential increased use of automated machines on a contract basis, it could also reasonably be expected that biosecurity risks may increase.